Permanent Mission of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela to the United Nations


Rafael Ramírez: “The sovereignty of every country resides in its people”


We are a young country that is consolidating its own model of law from our own experiences and realities, and we are a stabilising factor for peace for Latin America and the Caribbean

New York 17th November, 2015.- At the Open Debate of the Security Council last Tuesday, Rafael Ramírez, Permanent Representative of Venezuela to the United Nations, emphasised that "the sovereignty of every country resides in its people” in reference to the fact that this United Nations body cannot establish a political and institutional model to accompany development models.
Ramírez indicated that it is the responsibility of the Security Council to promote international peace and security, nevertheless, this objective cannot override one of the principles established in the United Nations Charter, that of sovereignty.
“The sovereignty of every country resides in its people and each develops the political, economic and social system, and legal and institutional frameworks that are most suited to its own interests, culture and history; performing the changes or adaptations it feels necessary corresponds only to the people. It is a process that only concerns the nationals of the country and cannot be imposed or controlled by any other country or international body.”  
This Open Debate was attended by Justine Greening, UK Secretary of State for International Development; Ban Ki-moon, Secretary-General of the United Nations; Olof Skoog, Chairperson of the United Nations Peacebuilding Commission and Ouided Bouchamaoui, President of General Union of Tunisian Workers.
The Venezuelan diplomat alerted those present to the United Nations Security Council pretensions to address issues that correspond to other UN bodies, such as the General Assembly and the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC).
“The imposition of political and economic models on developing countries is one of the main causes of the conflicts of this and the last century,” affirmed Ramírez.
Likewise, the Permanent Representative of Venezuela urged the Council to identify foreign interference as a root cause of conflicts.
“Countries with their own development models have often suffered from interference, political destabilisation or even military intervention, because the major powers, with economic or geopolitical interests in these nations, are opposed to the sovereign decisions of these countries. To justify foreign interference, veritable media wars are waged: a country is discredited because of its political model, often citing its human rights record in bad faith or violating other democratic principles that, in most cases, are not even followed at home in the interfering country or by the regional allies who accompany it in political or military action; this creates an international atmosphere to justify foreign interference”
Ramírez affirmed that the UN Security Council can act in a resolute manner to solve conflicts that have their roots in colonialism and occupation, such as the well-known cases of Palestine and the Western Sahara.
In the recent Security Council Resolution on the forced migrations in the Middle East and Africa, Rafael Ramírez condemned the use of force to solve this situation.
On the other hand, Ambassador Ramírez questioned the effectiveness of Security Council sanctions committees, considering them "extensions of the presence of old colonial powers in those countries", with 50% of the affected nations belonging to the African continent.
Ramírez affirmed that Latin America is a Zone of Peace with a new architecture of regional bodies that act as forums for the region’s affairs.
“Venezuela today is a country at peace, despite permanent foreign interference; we are a young country that is consolidating its own model of law from our own experiences and realities, and we are a stabilising factor for peace for Latin America and the Caribbean.”